Neurological surgery or “neurosurgery” is performed on patients with diseases and disorders of the spine, brain, and peripheral nerves. This includes a wide range of surgeries including tumor removal, carpal tunnel syndrome, spinal disc herniation, hydrocephalus, and more. Neurosurgery can be performed on people of all ages—from newborns to senior citizens.

Neurosurgery has evolved quickly as a surgical discipline and uses advanced state-of-the-art technology. These tools are central to the diagnosis and treatment of neurological conditions. Some of these include:

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI use magnetic and radio waves to produce detailed images – specifically of soft tissues.

Positron emission tomography (PET): A radioactive tracer is used to assess the metabolic function in the nervous system.

Computed tomography (CT): Three-dimensional “slices” of the spinal cord or brain are produced by means of a computer-assisted X-ray technique.

The surgery itself can be done using a number of different techniques including endoscopic, conventional open, and microsurgery.

What to expect after surgery

After surgery, close monitoring is necessary for the first 6-12 hours. Medical staff take care to reduce the chance of systemic complications. Pain is controlled with medication. Most patients are discharged from the hospital after a few days.